Major and minor bone grafting
Over a period of time, the jawbone associated with missing teeth atrophies or disappears. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, patients may not be candidates for placement of dental implants. We now have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and esthetic appearance. The bone graft procedures are referred to as:
Sinus lift procedure
This procedure involves elevating the sinus membrane and placing the bone graft onto the sinus floor, allowing implants to be placed in the back part of the upper jaw.
In some cases the ridge has been reabsorbed and a bone graft is placed to increase the ridge height and/or width.
These procedures may be performed separately or together, depending upon the individual’s condition. There are several areas of the body that are suitable for obtaining bone grafts. In the maxillofacial region, bone grafts can be taken from inside the mouth, in the area of the chin or third molar region or in the upper jaw behind the last tooth. In more extensive situations, a greater quantity of bone can be obtained from the hip or the outer aspect of the tibia (shin bone) near the knee. These surgeries are performed in the office surgical suite under I.V. sedation or general anesthesia.